Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Biography

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Biography,

 Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Biography - Hello Friends, On 9th February 1943, A German Submarine Departed From The City Of Kiel, Germany. Although It Carried The Nazi Soldiers In It, An Indian Was Also Present Among Them. An Indian Whose Name Matsuda. This Submarine Was Tasked With The Mission To Travel Southward, To Go Around Africa & Transfer Mr. Matsuda To A Japanese Submarine. It Sounds Easy, But It Was Not Without Danger. 

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The Sea Route Was Full Of British Ships. And This Was During The World War II. When Germany and Japan Were Fighting Against The British.

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Biography

On 26th April 1943, After A Journey Of About Two and A Half Months, When This German Submarine Reached The Coast Of Madagascar, A Japanese Submarine Was Spotted In Front Of It. But The Sea Was So Stormy That It Could Have Been Dangerous For These Two Submarines To Get Closer. So For The Next Two Days, Two Submarine Kept Moving In Parallel. Finally, When The Weather Cleared, Mr. Matsuda Emerged From The Submarine. On A Small Raft, Padding & Drenched, He Reached The Japanese Submarine, Where He Was Welcome By Captain Masao Teraoka. 

Read Also : Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Hindi

You May Be Wondering why these German & Japanese Submarine were  helping an India during World War II. This is because, Mr. Matsuda is none other than our Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Unknowingly perhaps, during this historic journey, he became the first India to travel in a submarine. Subhas Chandra Bose is one of the greatest freedom fighters of India. and his story is full of such amazing stories. How he escaped under the nose of the British Government went to Germany, Met Hitler, went to Russia and Japan, met the Japanese Prime Minister, went to Singapore, formed his own army. And even while staying outside India,  he launched the biggest war on the British government occupying India.  

We Want To Expel British Power From India, We Have To Fight The Enemy With Its Own Weapon,

Let's Understand His Story In This Article. 

Let's start our story with 1939,  the year when World War II started. Viceroy Lord Linlithgow declared war on behalf of India without consulting any Indian. This was an embarrassing situation for Congress. And under the Government of India Act, Congress had some control over the ministries and so they resigned from their positions.  Meanwhile, Subhash Chandra Bose was organizing his own party, The Forward Bloc. Although this party was formed from within Congress but by the year 1940, it was separated from the Congress's main organization. These were two reasons behind this. 1st, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was becoming too vocal about his leftist ideology, which wasn't appreciated by the other leaders of Congress. And the 2nd reason was that Netaji wanted to use World War II for India's benefit. He wanted to take action quickly and breaking off from Congress had become a necessity for him. 

In July 1940, Netaji was leading a march in Calcutta because of which he was arrested by the British government. Being in jail, he challenged the government by launching a hunger strike. "Release me, or I shall refuse to live." He made a straightforward announcement. "In 1940, he was languishing in prison. So he gave an ultimatum to the British government and undertook a fast unto death." Gradually, his health deteriorated. And in just one week, the British government decided to release him from jail and put him under house arrest. The British government did not want to be blamed if Netaji were to die in jail. So they through that as long as he was in poor health, he should be under house arrest. And as soon as his health back in jail. But Subhash Chandra Bose was devising his own plans. His plan was to go to Germany and asked the Germans for help to fight against the British government. 

But How Could He Reach Germany ?

Subhash Chandra Bose contacted a communist organization in Punjab to find out if there was a way to cross the border and reach Germany secretly. He was told that there was a way. To enter through Afghanistan, and go to the Soviet Union, from there he could go to Germany.

On 16th January 1941, at around 1.30 am, when the city was sleeping, Subhash Chandra Bose sneaked out of his house with his nephew, Shishir Kumar Bose. He was in disguise. He was pretending to be an insurance agent, Muhammad Ziauddin. Together with Shishir Kumar, they drove through the dark all night and reached Dhanbad at round 8.30 am. They spend a night at Shishir Kumar's brother Ashok House and the next day, from the nearby Gomo Station, Netaji boarded the train Kalka Mail. This train reached Delhi first and there, he took another train to go to Peshawar, the Frontier Mail. In Peshawar, he was received by the provincial leader of the Forward Bloc, Mian Akbar Shah. The next step was to leave the territory occupied by the British government. To do this, he changed his disguise. Instead of Mohammad Ziauddin, he became a deaf and mute Pathan man. It was necessary to be deaf and mute because Netaji could not speak Pashto. So, if anyone came to check them at the border, the person accompanying him could tell them that he was a deaf and mute Pathan. He travelled with another leader  of the Forward Bloc, Bhagat Ram Talwar, and both pretended that they were going to the shrine of Adda Sharif in Afghanistan. To pray they could speak and hear. 

On 26th January 1941, they left Peshawar and crossed the border of the British Empire by evening. By the morning of 29th January, they had reached Adda Sharif and completed the journey to Kabul in trucks and tanks. 

It took Subhash Chandra Bose 15 days to reach Kabul from Calcutta. But the British Raj found out about his escape 12 days after the fact. This is because the people at his home, constantly delivered food to his room. And his other nephews would simply eat his food. People believed that Subhash Ji was still in his room. Since the food was delivered and eaten regularly. His escape was so secret that even his mother didn't know about it. It was only on 27th January when a case was to be heard against Netaji in the court. And when he did not appear at the court his two nephews informed the police that he was not at home. 

On 27th January, the news of his disappearance was published in the newspaper, in Anand Bazaar Patrika and Hindustan Herald. After which Reuters picked up on it and this news spread all over the India. Many reports were made to the British Intelligence. One report said that he was on a ship going to Japan, another said something else but none of the reports were correct. A ship going to Japan from Calcutta was searched by the British. But thee was no sign of Netaji. 

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